Autism (causes, symptoms and treatment) - Australia job

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Thursday, January 7, 2021

Autism (causes, symptoms and treatment)


Autism  (causes, symptoms and treatment)

Autism  (causes, symptoms and treatment)

What is Autism:

Autism is a complicated condition that includes problems with communication and behavior.

People with Autism  have trouble with communication. Where they could not understand what other people think and feel. Which makes it hard for them to express themselves, either with words or facial expressions .

People with autism might have problems with learning while Their skills might develop unevenly.  So they could have trouble communicating but be unusually good at math, or memory. Because of this, they might do especially well on tests of analysis or problem-solving.

Nowadays more children are diagnosed with autism than ever before. But the latest numbers could be higher because of changes in method of diagnosis, which became more specified.

Symptoms of autism  

usually appear before a child turns 3 and include:

  • A lack of eye contact
  • A narrow range of interests or intense interest in certain topics
  • Doing something over and over, just like repeating words or phrases .
  • High sensitivity to sounds, touches, smells.
  • Don’t look or listen to other people
  • Don’t look things when another person points at them
  • Dislike to be held or cuddled
  • Talking in a sing-song, flat, or robotic voice
  • Can’t adapt to changes in routine

Causes of Autism:

Exactly why autism happens isn't clear. It could comes from problems in parts of the brain that interpret sensory input and process language.

Autism runs in families, so certain combinations of genes may increase a child’s risk.

A child with an older parent has a higher risk of autism.


It is hard to get a definite diagnosis of autism. But we will focus on behavior and development.

diagnosis usually takes two steps:

  • A developmental screening will tell your doctor whether your child is on track with basic skills like learning, speaking, and moving. Children are routinely checked specifically for autism at their 18-month and 24-month checkups.
  • If your child shows signs of a problem on these screenings, they’ll need a more complete evaluation.

Treatment of Autism:

There’s no cure for autism. But early treatment makes a big difference in development for a child with autism.

What works for one person might not work for another. Your doctor should tailor treatment for you or your child.

The two main types of treatments are:

  • Behavioral and communication therapy ( it promotes positive behavior and discourages negative behavior.)
  • Occupational therapy can help with life skills like dressing, eating, and relating to people.
  •  Sensory integration therapy might help someone who has problems with being touched or with sights or sounds.
  • Speech therapy improves communication skills.
  • Medications to help with symptoms of ASD, like attention problems, hyperactivity.


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