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Depression, symptoms, causes and treatment

 Depression, symptoms, causes and treatment


 

What is depression?

Depression is defined as a mood disorder. It also described as feelings of sadness, loss, or anger that affect the person’s everyday activities.

People may experience depression in different ways. It may interfere with there daily work, causing time loss or reducing productivity.

It may also affects relationships and some chronic health conditions.

(You need to realize that feeling down is a normal part of life. Sad and upsetting events happen to everyone).

What are Depression's symptoms?

Depression may be more than a constant state of sadness or feeling down.

Major depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affect your mood, and others affect your body.

The symptoms of depression can be experienced differently among men, women, and children.

Men usually experience symptoms related to their:

  •   mood, such as anger, aggressiveness, irritability.
  •   emotions such as feeling empty, sad, hopeless behaviour, such as loss of interest, missing pleasure in favorite activities, feeling tired easily, thoughts of suicide, engaging in high-risk activities
  •   cognitive abilities, such as inability to concentrate, difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversations
  •   sleep patterns, such as insomnia, restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night
  • physical well-being, such as fatigue, pains, headache, digestive problems

Women usually experience symptoms related to their:

  1.   mood, such as irritability
  2. emotions, such as feeling sad or empty, anxious or hopeless
  3. behaviour, such as loss of interest in activities, withdrawing from social engagements, thoughts of suicide
  4. cognitive abilities, such as thinking or talking more slowly
  5. sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping through the night, waking early, sleeping too much
  6. physical well-being, such as decreased energy, greater fatigue, changes in appetite, headaches, increased cramps

Children usually experience symptoms related to their:

  1. mood, such as irritability, anger, crying
  2. emotions, such as feelings of incompetence, despair, crying, intense sadness
  3. behaviour, such as refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, thoughts of death or suicide
  4.  cognitive abilities, such as difficulty concentrating, decline in school performance, changes in grades
  5. sleep patterns, such as difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
  6.  physical well-being, such as loss of energy, changes in appetite, weight loss or gain.



What are Depression's causes?

Common causes include:

  1.   Family history: The risk of experiencing depression increases if you have a family history of depression.
  2.   Early childhood trauma: that may affect the way your body reacts to fear and stressful situations.
  3.   Brain structure: There’s a high risk for depression if the frontal lobe of the brain is less active.
  4.   Medical conditions: Certain conditions may put you at higher risk, such as chronic illness, insomnia.
  5.   stressful events: such as loss of a loved one, economic problems.

Depression test:

There isn’t a single test to diagnose depression. But a series of questions based on your symptoms and 
  a psychological evaluation .

Such like :

  1. Moods
  2.   Appetite
  3.  sleep pattern
  4.   activity level
  5.   thoughts

Don’t ignore symptoms of depression, seek medical help. Depression is a serious mental health illness with the potential for complications.

Depression’s treatment:

Commonly you need to combine medical treatments and lifestyle therapies, including the following:

Medications

  • Antidepressant
  •  Antianxiety
  •   antipsychotic medications

Psychotherapy

Light therapy, exposure to white light can help regulate your mood and improve symptoms of depression.

Exercise, that increase your body’s production of (endorphins), hormones that improve your mood.

Learn how to say no

Take care of yourself, by getting plenty of sleep, avoiding negative people, and participating in enjoyable activities.

 

shimaa
writer and blogger, founder of Australia news .

جديد قسم : Health care

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