diabetes mellitus (types and symptoms) - Australia job

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Monday, January 4, 2021

diabetes mellitus (types and symptoms)

  Risk factors of diabetes mellitus

What is diabetes mellitus?

Diabetes mellitus is a disease that occurs due to disorder in insulin hormone secreted by pancreas.

Risk factors of diabetes mellitus

Types of diabetes:

  • Type 1 diabetes occurs when the insulin-producing cells of the pancreas (beta cells) are damaged,so the pancreas makes little or no insulin, so sugar can’t get into the body's cells for use as energy. People with Type 1 diabetes must use insulin injections to control their blood glucose.
  • Type 1 is the most common form of diabetes in teenagers, but it can occur at any age.
  • In Type 2 diabetes the pancreas makes insulin, but it either doesn't produce enough, or the insulin doesn't work properly,This type occurs most often in people who are over 40 years old but can occur even in childhood if there are risk factors present.
  • Type 2 diabetes may sometimes be controlled with a combination of diet, weight management and exercise. However, treatment also may include oral glucose-lowering medications or insulin injections.

Gestational diabetes:

Gestational diabetes occurs when there is a high blood glucose level during pregnancy.  Hormone changes during pregnancy also affect the action of insulin, which brings about high blood glucose levels.Blood glucose levels usually return to normal after childbirth. but women who have had gestational diabetes have an increased risk of developing Type 2 diabetes later in life.

The symptoms of high blood sugar include:

  • Thirst
  • hunger (especially after eating).
  • Dry mouth.
  • Frequent urination.
  • Body weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry).
  • Weak, tired feeling.
  • Blurred vision.
  • tingling in the hands or feet.
  • Slow-healing wounds.
  • Dry and itchy skin.

The symptoms of low blood sugar include :

  • Feeling weak or dizzy, including trembling and feeling shaky.
  • Feeling hungry.
  • Sweating.
  • Pounding heart.
  • Pale skin.
  • Feeling frightened or anxious.


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